antibiotic resistance gene

antibiotic resistance gene
ген резистентности [устойчивости] к антибиотику

English-Russian Biotechnology Glossary. . 2007.

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  • antibiotic resistance gene — Gene that encodes an enzyme that degrades or excretes an antibiotic, so conferring resistance. Frequently found in cloning vectors like plasmids, and sometimes in natural populations of bacteria. Example: bacterial ampicillin resistance is… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • Antibiotic resistance — is a type of drug resistance where a microorganism is able to survive exposure to an antibiotic. While a spontaneous or induced genetic mutation in bacteria may confer resistance to antimicrobial drugs, genes that confer resistance can be… …   Wikipedia

  • antibiotic resistance marker gene — Abbreviation: ARMG Genes (usually of bacterial origin) used as selection markers in transgenesis, because their presence allows cell survival in the presence of normally toxic antibiotic agents. These genes were commonly used in the development… …   Glossary of Biotechnology

  • Gene cassette — A gene cassette is broadly a modular DNA sequence encoding one or more genes for a single biochemical function.In genetic engineering, a gene cassette refers to a manipulable fragment of DNA carrying, and capable of expressing, one or more genes… …   Wikipedia

  • Résistance aux antibiotiques — Principe de la résistance aux antibiotiques La résistance aux antibiotiques est la capacité d un micro organisme à résister aux effets des antibiotiques. Dans la nature, des bactéries peuvent disposer de mécanismes de résistance contre des… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gène — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gène (homonymie). Représentation simplifiée d un gène d eucaryote (les exons sont des séquences codantes, alors que les introns sont des séquences non codantes) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gene — For a non technical introduction to the topic, see Introduction to genetics. For other uses, see Gene (disambiguation). This stylistic diagram shows a gene in relation to the double helix structure of DNA and to a chromosome (right). The… …   Wikipedia

  • Resistance — Opposition to something, or the ability to withstand it. For example, some forms of staphylococcus are resistant to treatment with antibiotics. * * * 1. A force exerted in opposition to an active force. 2. The opposition in a conductor to the… …   Medical dictionary

  • antibiotic — antibiotically, adv. /an ti buy ot ik, bee , an tee , tuy /, Biochem., Pharm. n. 1. any of a large group of chemical substances, as penicillin or streptomycin, produced by various microorganisms and fungi, having the capacity in dilute solutions… …   Universalium

  • marker gene — Gene that confers some readily detectable phenotype on cells carrying the gene, either in culture, or in transgenic or chimeric organisms. Gene could be an enzymic reporter gene, a selectable marker conferring antibiotic resistance, or a cell… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • Multiple drug resistance — or Multidrug resistance is a condition enabling a disease causing organism to resist distinct drugs or chemicals of a wide variety[1] of structure and function targeted at eradicating the organism. Organisms that display multidrug resistance can… …   Wikipedia

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